definition of municipality

The concept of municipality will surely be very familiar to most of those who are reading this article since it is the way in which the corporation is called, a state entity that deals with the management and administration of a municipality, which is the division minor administrative within a state.

Public building, seat of this government

The public building that is the seat of this government and to which citizens must often go to complete a procedure is also called a municipality.

Although, in this last issue we must emphasize that at present the municipalities in order to improve public attention have decentralized many management areas and for example the municipality is erected in one place and the rest of the departments in other physical places.

It is then about that public institution in charge of government and administration in rather small and reduced territories such as a town or a locality. The municipality term is characteristic of some regions and may receive another name in other spaces (such as City Hall or Town Hall) despite all of them having the same characteristics.

Manage everything that has to do with a town, town or city

A municipality is generally in charge of matters related to the administration of a town or a locality. Although this seems like a simple task because it is a small territory, it is not necessarily so since the municipality must take care of all the administrative, economic, cultural and social issues of the space. In many cases, the same neighbors are the ones who are part of it and knowing each other can make the task a bit complicated and difficult at times.

The highest authority is the mayor, mayor or head of the communal government

The highest authority in the municipality is usually called the intendant, the mayor, the head of the city government, and is in charge of all management and administration tasks. The municipality can then be organized into ministries or secretariats that specialize on certain issues and solve those specific problems (eg finance, economy, social development, work, culture, tourism, production, health, public space, etc.).

Division of powers in the municipality

To guarantee that the democratic system is fulfilled and works, the municipality acts together with two other powers that serve as a balance, that is, the municipality heads the executive power of the city or locality while the deliberative council or legislature represents the body. legislative, and for its part, the judiciary is in charge of carrying out those tasks that had to do with the administration of justice only in the city, that is, this municipal justice will only understand in cases that occur within the jurisdiction municipal.

The inhabitants of the municipality elect the municipal authorities by direct vote

The election of the mayor, intendant or head of municipal government is carried out through general and direct elections in which the inhabitants of the municipality are the ones who have the final decision. Meanwhile, in addition to the highest authority, citizens elect legislative representatives. Both elections are relevant because ultimately they are the ones who will decide the destinations and the main policies of the city they inhabit.

It is important to note that regardless of the size of the territory over which a municipality has power, this will always be the smallest part of an administration, perhaps the one that is in more direct contact with the population, knows better their needs and demands. Within the specific political system, the municipality must respond to a greater or lesser degree to higher governments, which may be provincial and national.

Collection through taxes and contributions from the central state

Regarding the budget of the municipality, we will say that it is composed mainly of the contributions it receives from the central state and also of the taxes paid by its inhabitants for the disposal of motor vehicles, real estate, or income from commercial activities that are carried out. there.

It should be noted that in many parts of the world the term "town hall" is used instead of the term we are dealing with, for example in Spain, the last term indicated is widely used.