The school is an educational establishment in which compulsory education is provided.
Educational establishment in which teaching is taught
By school we understand that institution that is dedicated to the teaching and learning process between students and teachers.
School is one of the most important institutions in the life of a person, perhaps also one of the most important after the family, since at present it is assumed that the child is integrated into it from his early years to finish normally close to his adulthood.
Primary and secondary school: offer basic training
Within what is known as compulsory school there is the so-called primary school and secondary school, in both, the person receives an elementary and basic instruction, which will serve as sustenance and pillar for when the person accesses, if they want to, to the university education that will train you as a professional in some aspect.
In primary school, which lasts between six and twelve years of a person, the student's literacy is sought, that is, they are taught to read and write, to perform calculations, and some essential cultural concepts that will allow them to be trained as good people.
And for its part, secondary school, which normally lasts between 13 and 17 years, the teaching becomes more sophisticated because the idea is to prepare the student for higher and specialized education.
While there may be variants in their names, elementary and high school is the foundation of any individual's education.
History and evolution of the school as an educational institution
The school as we understand it today is undoubtedly a very recent element of society.
This has to do with the fact that historically the educational teaching and learning process was limited to the most powerful sectors of society.
Thus, most of the people used to receive no education other than the basic knowledge necessary to carry out a particular task (agriculture, crafts, commerce, etc.).
It would not be until the middle of the 19th century that the school would appear in Western societies as a vital institution.
This had to do with the notion of democratizing knowledge but also with a need for national states to transmit a single discourse to as many of the population as possible.
The school was then removed from the exclusive sphere of religion and became a secular space dominated by the State according to its interests.
For many specialists, school is the space from which the person not only receives varied knowledge and information but also socializes with other realities that may not be the same as their own.
School is understood as a kind of experience prior to adult life.
Bullying: a reality in schools that must be addressed
However, for others, school represents a space where all existing inequalities in society are reproduced and repeated, starting from the notion of power and hierarchy to acts of violence and abuse between peers or between different participants in it.
A recurring action that has taken place in this educational space for a long time but that in recent years has been intensifying in terms of demonstration is the so-called bullying.
Bullying always takes place at school and consists of a super aggressive practice that one or several students exercise against another who does not have the ability to defend themselves and who causes significant physical and psychological damage.
The mission is always to intimidate him.
It generally consists of teasing, beatings, threats, ridicule, insulting nicknames, among others.
As a consequence, those affected by bullying tend to present easily recognizable symptoms after being subjected to this type of bullying, such as: insomnia, eating disorders, depression, irritability, anxiety, negative thoughts, among the most common.
Although it can occur throughout the school stage, it usually prevails between 12 and 15 years.
The victims are usually students with an insecure profile, shy, with low self-esteem, and an inability to defend themselves per se, while the bullies tend to be powerful.
It is essential that authorities, teachers, parents and students commit to their fight through dialogue.
The ideal school model is still one in which we can all access the same type of knowledge without having to lose our freedom to question or contribute to it.