Capacity is called the set of resources and skills that an individual has to perform a certain task. In this sense, this notion is linked to that of education, the latter being a process of incorporating new tools to function in the world. The term capacity can also refer to positive possibilities of any element.
In general, each individual has varied capacities of which he is not fully aware. Thus, he faces different tasks that his existence proposes to him without paying special attention to the resources he uses. This is due to the process by which these skills are acquired and used. In the beginning, a person may be incompetent for a certain activity and be unaware of this circumstance; then you can understand your lack of ability; The next step is to consciously acquire and use resources; finally, the aptitude becomes unconscious, that is, the person can perform a task without paying attention to what he is doing. A clear example can be offered by sport: an athlete uses techniques without thinking about them. This is because you have reached a level where your capacity has become deeply internalized.
So far, the process of acquiring new capabilities. However, not all the capabilities of man are acquired. Many of them are innate. In fact, these can be considered the most important, insofar as they enable the others. Thus, for example, learning a science requires a minimum of rationality, a capacity that is typical of the human species.
It is important to continually try to incorporate new skills to face the challenges that arise and achieve an improvement in the quality of life. Formal education is not enough for this, but a good quota of self-taught predisposition is also necessary.
Capacity, synonymous with talent and intelligence
In our language, it should be noted that the concept of capacity is closely related to those of talent and intelligence because precisely the one who shows talent in a subject, subject or activity will be considered capable in such areas. Therefore, talented and intelligent people will be considered capable of carrying out any activity related to the field in which they excel.
The capable, the talented, and the intelligent always complete their assigned task with success and satisfaction.
Disability, which is the lack of expertise, of suitability to do this or that thing, is the concept that is opposed to the one at hand.
Capacity, the extent of a place
But the word capacity also has another widespread use in our language which is that of space that holds a local, a given site, that is, the extension. Thus, it is common for us to hear that such a theater has a capacity for a thousand people, this will mean that a thousand people enter that theater comfortably and that that number will not be able to be exceeded because otherwise we will not lack places where they can sit in conformity.
On the other hand, the term is used to designate to the space that has something and that then in that place is capable of containing something else.
The glass has a capacity of 250 cubic centimeters, if this limit is exceeded it will exceed the liquid.
Legal capacity and de facto capacity
In the legal field it is also possible that we come across the term capacity as it is used to refer to two commonly used concepts. On the one hand, the capacity of law, which is the ability of a person to be the owner of a series of rights and obligations. All people are capable of law, since legal norms understand them as subjects of law.
On the other hand, the capacity in fact refers to the possibility of exercising the rights that the regulations grant us as subjects of rights.