Abuse is the inflection of some kind of harm that can be so much physical as well as psychic and that, generally, takes place and rationale thanks to the power that the person who causes or materializes the abuse has over the person to whom it occurs, either by a material superiority that protects him and gives him that strength over the other , or by the systematic threat that something bad is going to happen to him if he does not agree to this abusive action.
In many cases, abuse is usually one of the main factors of future trauma for the damage and guilt that the abuse contains and that prevents its externalization both out of shame and fear.
Meanwhile, abuse has different modalitiesAlthough diverse, ALL will certainly leave a huge mark on the person who suffers from them. There is physical, sexual, emotional and authority abuse.
The physical, like the sexual, is the most visible and verifiable when it comes to punishing those responsible, since it implies a specific non-accidental physical injury; in the case of the physical, which can be the recurrent domestic abuse in a couple, from the man to the woman, for example, and the sexual one, which is when someone is subjected to sexual contact without consent. This can be given from an adult to a minor, between adults or even between minors. The one of an adult to a minor is one of the most common sexual abuses that we can see today, the chronicles of the newspapers that tell us about the existence of networks that promote the production of child pornography are recurrent. In this sense, the strict control carried out by the authorities seems always insufficient due to the great demand for this type of content in graphic and electronic media, which constitutes a constant source of material whose final path is the repeated induction of acts of abuse.
Emotional abuse is one that does not occur with a single specific action, as in the case of sexual abuse, it can be forcing a minor to have sex, but has to do with the observation of a recurrent rejection behavior, demonstration of shame, degradation or inflection of terror from an adult to a minor as well. Of course, it will have a decisive impact on the emotional and social development of the little ones, probably leading to fear, anxiety, isolation, depression, among other corollaries. This item currently classifies the so-called bullying, defined as emotional and often physical harassment by peers. It has been shown that the so-called "bullying" is correlated with a poor prognosis in terms of mental health and social performance of children who are victims of this silent form of bullying. abuse. However, it is worth noting that, on many occasions, the perpetrator is also the object of some form of abuse in the domestic or social sphere, for which the correct approach to the bullying it requires multidisciplinary participation with family, school, psychological and psychopedagogical elements.
And the last type of abuse that remains for us to close the concept that concerns us is the abuse of authority and that is basically the one that is exercised from a position of authority, as can be the case of a policeman who arrests a person without any type of cause. This is usually very common in dictatorial countries, in which oppression and the curtailment of freedom prevail to achieve a better subjection of society. It is not necessarily the de facto governments that exercise an abuse of power, since numerous leaders elected by suffrage can exercise their authority in a despotic way and thus violate numerous personal and population rights, among which freedom deserves to be highlighted. press.
Many analysts include within the scope of abuse of authority the so-called mobbing or Workplace Harassment, which consists of the despotic and dehumanized manipulation of the employees of an organization by their bosses or coordinators. The mobbing has begun to be considered an object of analysis by occupational medicine, given its close relationship with the professional burnout syndrome and with different correlates with lower performance at work, the commitment of mental and physical health and the increased risk of suicide or other manifestations of self-harm.