definition of preventive maintenance

The one that concerns us is a concept that is applied to the operation and maintenance of equipment, while preventive maintenance consists of those actions that are carried out to avoid future problems or damage to any equipment, machine, or device. that is used for a work or domestic purpose.

Maintenance performed on a machine to prevent breakdown or failure

The maintenance is the word that allows us to designate that activity from which it is plausible to maintain a product, a machine, an equipment, among others, so that it works correctly, or failing that, which allows us to carry out a repair on some of them in the event that so it demands it, so that it can recover its normal functioning.

Mostly, all appliances, machines, machinery, devices, among others, need at some point in their existence to receive maintenance, either as indicated, to ensure that they continue to function satisfactorily, or to repair any damage that has arisen from early.

There are a large number of contexts in which this concept is applied, and in relation to physical or virtual goods, among others.

For example, it is that we can talk about the maintenance of a house, an artistic piece, a car, a system, an electrical appliance, a program, and always, to guarantee the maintenance as it must be carried out by a suitable professional, who has studied at the same and who has ample experience in it.

Maintaining the machines used to produce is vital to business productivity

However, maintenance, without a doubt, is essential in those machines that are used at the request of the production of goods and services.

All the elements and tools that participate precisely in an economic production process must be controlled periodically because the productivity of the company in question depends on them.

When a machine that produces this or that product breaks, the economic income of the company will be directly affected because it will not be able to continue producing the same amount since there is a broken machine.

In other words, we do not have to wait for a machine relevant to our work to break before going to fix it, we have to carry out maintenance, such as preventive, to ensure that it is always working properly and not suddenly find ourselves with an untimely breakdown. cause of precisely a lack of maintenance in this regard.

Unfortunately this happens a lot in small and large companies, and also at the domestic level, delaying a maintenance of some equipment to save money, so as not to spend more, however, that can turn against us when in the absence of maintenance the machine breaks.

Surely in that instance, the repair and revision will cost us more than the realization of a preventive maintenance.

The technician is in charge of carrying out this action

Meanwhile, whoever carries out the activity of maintaining or correcting failures that may arise in equipment or machines is popularly known as mechanic or technician and it should be noted that in order to carry out its activity, it must have a deep knowledge of the parts that make up the artifact or device in question and also of its operation.

There are two types of maintenance, preservation maintenance and update maintenance.

The one of conservation Its purpose is to compensate for the wear and tear suffered by the equipment as a result of the passage of time; and that of upgrade for its part, it has the objective of counteracting the passage of time in technological matters, that is, it will try to aggiate it so that it can satisfy current needs.

Meanwhile, within the first we find corrective maintenance and preventive maintenance, which is what we will deal with below.

Thanks to preventive maintenance it is possible to guarantee the proper functioning of the equipment since this type of maintenance deals exclusively with carrying out the pertinent inspections and repairs that prevent the device from breaking down.

That is, its main mission is to mitigate possible failures.

Difference with corrective maintenance

It differs from corrective maintenance, precisely because it keeps the device running, while corrective maintenance repairs the device that stopped working.

And within maintenance we can find three modalities: programmed (the review is done by time); predictive (it deals with determining the precise moment that the equipment will need to be revised, therefore, the maximum use time is predicted); and opportunity (It is done taking advantage of those moments in which the equipment is not used, thus avoiding taking it out of activity).

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