definition of equality

Equality is the identical treatment that an organism, state, company, association, group or individual offers to people without any kind of objection due to race, sex, social class or other plausible circumstance of difference or to make it more practical , is the absence of any type of discrimination.

As for the explanation of what the term equality means, as problematic, equality dates from time immemorial ... I would almost risk saying that "since the world is world and man is man" since it has always been a recurring theme of struggle throughout the world. Although in the 18th century, at the time of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the situation of inequality that prevailed in the world managed to be somehow resolved, unfortunately, it could not be eradicated or completely overcome, since even today, In the 21st century, it is still recurrent and common to hear about cases of discrimination. Without going any further, since the possibility arose that the Democratic leader Barack Obama occupies the presidency of the United States, one of the most powerful countries in the world but also one of those that most observed and suffered inequality and discrimination throughout of its history, instead of overlooking its Afro-American origin, which by now should be something natural, from all spheres, special emphasis was placed on this aspect more than on other determinants, such as its government program.

The same consideration holds for nations such as South Africa, where the majority of the population is of local ethnic origin, while a minority of Caucasian origin ruled the country in a despotic way and with a marked lack of equality. It is worth noting that he was one of the victims of this action, like Nelson Mandela, who with his task managed to break down this asymmetry to begin the path of a more egalitarian country.

But of course equality does not refer to or concern only the issue of race or ethnic group, but there are other forms of social inequality that have even managed to be more accentuated. It is recognized among the causes of segregation by sex; It is very common for this bias to be noticed when looking for a job or when it comes time to request a promotion, generally, it is usual for women to be behind men in this regard. The same is described for managerial positions, business leaderships or other positions of leadership of human groups or strategic positions.

There are also cases of inequality by nationality. This situation often occurs frequently when a person of Latino origin resides in northern Europe, for example, not only having to endure degrading jobs, but also in areas such as education, given that they are faced with barriers when it comes to accessing it. This risk also occurs with minorities of different classes, as with religious groups, among others.

The lack of equality implies in most cases not only a flagrant violation of universally accepted human rights, but it usually represents one of the steps that mark a society that is not very tolerant or even not very democratic. In any case, even certain regions of the world with established republican institutions and ways of life with a long tradition suffer a reduction in social equality in many areas, in relation to the difference between sexes, racial groups, races or ethnicities, minorities of different races and even political opponents.

Consequently, equality and democracy are concepts that seem to go hand in hand and perhaps the level of equality of opportunities in a society is a faithful equivalent of the real democratic experience within the framework of that human group.

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