First aid is called first aid to those basic and immediate first procedures and techniques that any person without the need to be a medical professional will give to a person who is the victim of an accident or sudden illness.. These of course They do not seek nor will they ever replace the medical attention that each case, such as the ones mentioned above, requires, but without a doubt, they are usually of great value when it comes to avoiding a greater evil and helping the injured or sick person to recover a little , in order to wait for medical help to be present at the scene of the incident or, if the situation so requires, to be taken to a relevant place of assistance so that it can be attended by qualified professionals.
For example, on the beach it is very common for people to not take into account the corresponding precautions when entering the sea, that is, many times and despite the dangerous sea indications, people enter the water without know how to swim and they drown, that is why in most spas or inns, there are usually lifeguards who, although they are not medical professionals, are instructed on first aid so that when the emergency arrives they can and know how to act until the corresponding help arrives from a medical professional if the case requires it.
This case that we put as an example obviously deserves that a lifeguard always be aware of first aid techniques, although of course, this knowledge must be universal and all people should be taught about what to do in case we are presented with a situation in which someone's life is in danger. Although in many schools teaching about first aid is not a practice that is everywhere, there is still a lack of awareness about it.
Of course, not all cases in which there is a risk of life are the same, however, there are some universals to take into account, such as controlling the vital signs of the injured person, which are the pulse, respiration, temperature, pupillary reflex and blood pressure and in case of finding a complication such as not breathing well, proceed to resuscitation by pressing with both hands on your chest.
It is also usually of vital importance that in those places where there is a greater propensity to accidents, such as school, work or the car, it will be necessary to prevent this by assembling a first-aid kit in which the following materials cannot be missing: alcohol, cotton, dressings, hydrogen peroxide, hydrogen peroxide, thermometer, analgesics, soap, gloves, syringes, scissors and bandages, among others.