definition of education

Education is called the process by which a person is affected, stimulating them to develop their cognitive and physical abilities to be able to fully integrate into the society that surrounds her. Therefore, a distinction must be made between the concepts of education (stimulation of one person towards another) and learning, which is actually the subjective possibility of incorporating new knowledge for its subsequent application.

The education called “formal”Is the one carried out by professional teachers. This uses the tools that pedagogy postulates to achieve its objectives. In general, this education is usually divided according to areas of human knowledge to facilitate assimilation by the student. The education Formal has been systematized over the last 2 centuries in schools and universities, although today the distance or blended education model has begun to make its way as a new paradigm.

In modern societies, education is considered a elementary human right; that is why it is usually offered free to students by the state. Despite this circumstance, there are private schools that fill the gaps that public schools usually have. Especially in large cities, it is common to observe that the availability of vacancies in primary and secondary schools is insufficient for the growing population that requires these systems, which has facilitated a parallel increase in the demand for placements in secular private institutions. or religious.

The formal education has different levels that encompass a person's childhood, adolescence and adult life. Thus, the first years of learning correspond to the so-called primary education and takes place during childhood. Then, the years of secondary education will come, which correspond to adolescence. Finally, in a person's adulthood, education is regulated by tertiary or university careers. It is noted that, while both primary and secondary education are compulsory in many nations, the proportion of subjects who complete these stages is actually small, especially in non-industrialized countries. This phenomenon leads to a reduction in future job opportunities and an increased risk of job insecurity.

Despite the statements made by the documents that involve human rights, the truth is that in some regions of the globe education is severely affected. affected by economic difficulties. Thus, the education provided by the State can be considered of low quality compared to the possibilities offered by a private institution. This situation makes those people with a compromised socio-economic environment disadvantaged, a situation that results in unequal opportunities. That is why states should not give up their attempts to guarantee an education that trains the person for the challenges that today's world imposes. The economic resources that are mobilized in this sense will never be enough, so a strong inventive capacity is also necessary.

The aforementioned distance education or blended learning models have been proposed as a highly relevant alternative, since they would allow educational content to reach a greater proportion of potential learners, independently of variables such as distance, transport capacity or the possibility of displacement of students and teachers. Another advantage of these strategies is their profitability, since the same conference or class can be broadcast in multiple places simultaneously, reaching different areas with the option of permanent interaction between teachers and students. It is recognized that the lack of technical resources could constitute a limitation to achieve the success of this model, although it is also recognized that the necessary technology is relatively inexpensive and accessible. Also, reducing other costs (especially those related to building and transportation aspects) could balance the equation to lead to higher profitability.

Finally, investment in education It is another factor of great impact, since the construction of a greater number of educational institutions allows ensuring not only the satisfaction of the demand for vacancies in students of all ages, but it can also be defined as an alternative to open jobs for teachers and auxiliary personnel, with the associated possibility of further training.