The abstraction It is one of the most common mental processes that people carry out when we want to consider separately the basic qualities or characteristics of an object, or failing that, the object per se.
That is, in either of the two situations, the mind will focus on, on the one hand, noticing the basic qualities of something, and in the other case, it will be the object in its purest essence that will capture all the attention of our mind. .
Almost all the mental actions that our mind performs on a daily basis: conceptualization, understanding, explanation, among others, make use of abstraction.
Many times, we even use abstraction without realizing it, but of course and beyond not consciously appreciating it, we do obtain the benefits that it brings in terms of knowledge.
Scientific research, on the other hand, is one of the most relevant activities that make use of this mental operation to be able to turn into reports or conclusions the findings they reach after their work.
Basically, the aforementioned mental procedure is what philosophy carries out to reflect on things, the world, man. That is, depending on where your focus of attention will rest, on the object, or on its qualities, you will mentally dispense with what does not correspond in order to obtain a complete idea of what corresponds.
The Greek philosopher Aristotle It was hundreds of years ago the precursor of abstraction as a method to obtain ideas and concepts about things that surround us, for example.
But abstraction is not only reduced to the field of thought but has also transcended this aspect to settle, for example, in the artistic field where it has been able to be the starting point of one of the most important painting trends of the last century. Until this moment, painting was mostly concerned with representing the reality of things, while, with the emergence of the abstract art this alternative is maintained but it will materialize in the most diverse way, playing with color, with geometric shapes, especially. Subjectivity covers up the objectivity that dominated the scene in this area.