definition of personality

Personality is the set of physical, genetic and social characteristics that an individual gathers, and that make it different and unique with respect to the rest. It has reference in Latin personalis, composed of the word person, which implies the mask historically appreciated in the theater, with reference also in the Greek prossopon (literal for mask), and the subjijo -alis, translated as "referred to". Thus, he understands the "qualities of the individual." Mask interpretation should be understood as one's details, and not as some kind of hiding place.

Define who each one is

The interrelation and communion of all these characteristics, generally stable, will determine the conduct and behavior of a person and why not also, according to their stability, predict the response that an individual can give to whom we know before a certain circumstance or stimulus.

Personality is made up of two elements: temperament and character.

The temperament It has a genetic origin and the other of a social type, that is, it will be determined by the environment in which the individual lives, respectively. For example, when a person tends to react and act very harshly to the failure of something or someone around him, it is often said that he has a strong temperament, it would be something like the degree of emotional charge that he puts on things, That of course it can be strong, as we mentioned, or very soft.

On the other hand, the character it will indicate the way in which we act, express ourselves and think.

Psychologists have always paid special attention to personality and it has been the object of their study mainly from and throughout the 20th century and it is made effective through three models: clinical, correlational and experimental. The first one emphasizes the in-depth study of the individual, the correlational one will be concerned more than anything with finding individual differences by conducting surveys on large population samples, and finally, the experimental one will establish cause-effect relationships by manipulating certain variables.

Carl Gustav Jung raises introversion and extraversion

Defined by the psychologist Carl Gustav Jung opportunely in the formulation of his theory of personality, there are two basic psychological types of personality: introversion and extraversion. And although one individual is not absolutely introverted, nor is another totally extroverted, people's personalities are usually more or less influenced by one or the other. Carl Jung considers that there are four essential functions for the human being: feeling, intuiting, thinking and perceiving.

Psychology has deeply contributed to the establishment of evaluations or diagnostic processes in matters of personality studies, and these in practical reality are commonly used, for example, in work environments, where they are used as an element to "test" future employees or job applicants. From different activities, whether they are questions or practical exercises (through drawing, music or posing problems), it can be anticipated and determined how the person will act in certain situations, whether they are conflictive or not.

Similar tests also use the so-called “vocational counselors” that, from a series of proposals where the person under study must choose which one they prefer or better define their interests / projections, the orientation towards a certain field of study or artistic branch can be determined. These tests are very frequently taken by young people in the last years of middle school as a way to find or dispel doubts about their future work or academic, for example, before entering a university.

How do you describe someone introverted?

We say that a person is introverted, when he prefers to listen rather than speak in the case of attending a meeting, perhaps he also avoids meetings or social gatherings such as parties or events to which he is invited, and in the case of participating in them It is not exactly the one who will stand out the most among those present.

Those extroverts are on the other side

On the contrary, of course, he is the one who can define himself as an “extroverted” person: he enjoys public and social relations, and is usually very verbose or expressive when he must (or wants) to speak or express himself.

The extroverted character is typical of a person who focuses mainly on the outside. That is to say, he is a sociable and restless person who has an intense social life. Therefore, they are people who find a good dose of personal reference in this contact with others, on the social plane where they can see and be seen. They generally try to adapt to situations with relative ease. On the contrary, the introvert character is typical of people who tend to focus on the interior as an essential good. He takes pleasure in his feelings and emotions.

In short, introverts are those who tend to turn over and focus more on the universe of their feelings and thoughts while extroverts, unlike those, are more permeable to the outside world, they are highly social, they like and are interested in knowing about their environment.

Study figures according to Carl Jung

1. Thoughtful introvert is a person who has a very nuanced intellectual life. But she is not comfortable in relationships with others. His intellectual life makes him project an image of interest to others.

2. Extraverted sentimental people have great empathy and sensitivity skills to bond with others. But in turn, they are also vulnerable to social emptiness or rejection by others.

3. The sentimental introvert is a person who feels comfortable in solitude, likes to go unnoticed at social events. In fact, you tend to avoid many of these plans if they are crowded.

4. The intuitive introvert understands people who, as their name suggests, have great intuition. Sometimes it seems that they could read the thinking of other people by intuiting it from their behaviors.

5. The intuitive extrovert is typical of people who love adventure. They are people who like to improvise new plans thanks to a very active schedule. This adventure perspective is also a reflection of people who tend to focus on themselves.

6. The perceptive extroverted individual pursues pleasure. For example, you love good food.

7. The perceptive introvert is typical of people who express an artistic gaze thanks to sensory skills.

8. The sentimental introvert is a person who tends to be lonely and who projects an image of constant nostalgia that ties him to the past. The fact that she is lonely does not mean that she is selfish since this classification also shows habitual attention to the needs of others.

Photos: Fotolia - nuvolanevicata / aleutie

$config[zx-auto] not found$config[zx-overlay] not found