definition of jungle

The jungle is one of the most easily identifiable biomes on the planet due to its abundant vegetation, its incredible variety of flora and fauna, its tropical temperatures and the extremely high production of oxygen that helps purify the atmosphere. The jungle is characterized in most cases by having high levels of humidity, caused by high rainfall and by the presence of water courses that cross the different terrestrial spaces. Today, the preservation of tropical forests (mainly those of the Amazon) is of great importance to maintain the climate of the globe and the level of oxygen in the atmosphere.

Original from Latin (silva or silua), the term jungle is related to the notion of the wild state. The jungle receives, therefore, its name from the conditions of its nature: practically virgin and not altered by the presence of the human being. The jungles are characterized primarily by the presence of dense and tall trees that vary in type according to the regions of the planet that are being talked about. At the same time, a fundamental element of the jungle is its extremely high biodiversity or variety of flora and fauna. This means that within the same space you can find thousands of plant and animal species that are hardly found in other biomes.

In general, the jungle is characteristic of tropical and subtropical climates, having particular temperatures (between 27 ° and 29 ° C), humidity levels (high) and rainfall (between 1500 and 2000 mm per year) and clearly distinguishable from the rest of the planetary ecosystems. Perhaps one of the most abundant and dense biomes on the planet, the jungle is closely related to the production of oxygen and the consumption of carbon dioxide, which is why they are essential to maintain suitable conditions for the subsistence of living beings on the planet. Land. However, one of the poorest elements of the forest is the soil: it is poor, acidic and not very deep.

Although humid (or umbrophilic) forests are the most common and extensive on the planet, there are also dry (or tropophilic) forests that are characterized by having a lower level of rainfall, less abundant vegetation and a long dry season.