definition of secondary education

The secondary education is one of the pillars of formal education along with its predecessors: nursery and primary education, and the one that follows, the college or higher education.

Educational level after primary and before university and whose mission is to prepare the student for their professional future

Because it is, as we said, from the level of studies immediately to university, high school, also known as Middle SchoolIts objective is the preparation of students so that they can access the university without problems, which is definitely the instance that prepares and develops the professional activity that each one chooses.

But secondary education also has the mission, regardless of whether or not the student continues with a university career, to train the adolescent in various issues, topics, teach him values, and also skills so that he can function in a conforming manner in the society or community to which he belongs.

General characteristics

That is to say, secondary school must provide the student with general and basic knowledge that of course will be more advanced depending on the primary content, and of course, will cover other more complex topics that in primary age become difficult to assimilate.

Secondary education, in almost every part of the planet, is attended between 13 and 18 years and it lasts for five years.

On the other hand, there are guidelines, such as bachelor, commercial and technical, which the student will be able to choose based on their vocation.

High school attendance is practically compulsory all over the world and the student must attend it every day, with the exception of Saturdays, Sundays and holidays.

Meanwhile, to obtain the passage of the year or grade, the student must complete the pass and the attendance of all the subjects included in the study program.

Oral or written evaluation is the extended modality that teachers use to reliably verify the effectiveness of the training process.

It should be noted that in recent years and as a consequence of the phenomenal advance that new technologies have experienced in society, secondary school places special emphasis on their dissemination and learning, without obviously neglecting basic subjects such as: mathematics, literature, language, chemistry, physics, history, geography, among other.

The relevance of secondary education in the professional future

It is vitally important that students who successfully completed primary education continue to secondary school, especially because it will allow them to access higher education with adequate preparation, and also because in the stage of life in which it is studied, it is It is producing the development of the personality of the person and it is relevant that this process of growth and passage to adulthood occurs in a framework of containment and learning that the school knows how to provide the individual.

On the other hand, at this time in life the main definitions of interests and choice of vocations or future professionals are produced and at this point secondary education offers various options for the student to achieve greater certainties through the acquisition of knowledge specific and skill development.

Therefore, secondary education must be promoted by the family and also by the authorities of a nation that wants to forge valuable citizens and prepared to develop successfully in working life during their maturity.

In some underdeveloped countries, unfortunately, school dropouts are very high, especially in the most deprived social groups as a consequence that their families do not find the support and encouragement that impels them to continue in school to acquire the knowledge that opens the doors of a new school for them. better future; or also because many young people, faced with the economic needs they suffer, have to go to work and leave school aside.

We cannot ignore that also in the most prosperous classes and in the low ones there is dropout due to the lack of interest in school contents.

In this sense, it is important that governments design public policies in education that address this specific problem, encouraging students with educational proposals that adapt to current times, many times that lack of correspondence, the perception of Old content, it makes young people do not commit or interest.