definition of textile

The textile industry is that area of ​​the economy that is dedicated to the production of fabrics, fibers, threads and also includes products derived from these.

It should be noted that the production of the textile industry is widely consumed and, for example, all the products that come from it are sold in significant quantities throughout the world. In addition, due to this situation, it is one of the industries that employs the most workers, both in the direct production of products and in related businesses.

It is important to clarify that in the past the term textile was used exclusively to refer to fabrics that were woven, although, with the development of the industry, the word is also used to designate fabrics that are obtained from other processes .

Fibers are the most important and basic raw materials produced by the textile industry, being its origin chemical, petrochemical, which provide synthetic fibers, or livestock farming, which generate natural fibers.

Until the 20th century, natural fibers such as cotton, wool, linen and silk have been the most used, but from this moment on, the appearance of synthetic fibers, such as polyester and nylon, began to be used more beyond for the production of fibers for the production of sewing threads and stockings.

Now, once the raw material has been obtained or produced naturally, from animals and plants, or through the chemical or petrochemical industry, the spinning process to transform them into threads and then the finishing will follow, where they are dyed, bleached, for example, and the process of making the clothesa, so demanded by end consumers. The latter is in charge of transforming the fabric into a garment or any other type of product for use at home such as a tablecloth.

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