The Base plate, also called motherboard and motherboard , is a board that contains a printed circuit and to which all the components that make up a computer are connected. Among that series of integrated circuits that you have installed is the chipset, which is the connection center between the computer, the RAM, expansion buses, and other devices.
It is contained within a sheet metal box and has a panel that allows connecting external devices and many other internal connectors and sockets that facilitate the installation of components inside the box.
Moreover, the motherboard includes software that is popularly known as BIOS and that allows to carry out the basic functions, such as: device tests, keyboard management, video, operating system loading and device recognition.
So, the typical components of a motherboard are the following: one or more power connectors, the CPU socket, the RAM memory slots and the chipset.
In addition, the Base Plate is divided into two sections, the Northbridge (manages the connections between the computer, the RAM and the GPU) and the south bridge (Allows connection between peripherals and storage devices, such as the hard drive.
Most of the motherboards released after 2001 are classified into two groups: for AMD processors and for Intel processors. Popular manufacturers include: Intel, MSI, Gigabyte Technology, Foxconn, Epox, Biostar, Asus, Via.