communication

definition of juxtaposed sentence

A juxtaposed sentence is a type of compound sentence, its main characteristic being the non-existence of a word as a link between the parts that make up the sentence. In most cases, the connecting element that acts as a nexus is the comma sign. On the other hand, juxtaposed sentences have the peculiarity that neither of the two parts of the sentence is of greater importance than the other.

An annotated example of a juxtaposed sentence

Here is an example of a juxtaposed sentence accompanied by a short comment.

My friend cooks, studies, draws, does anything. It is a compound sentence, since it has several different verb forms, specifically four. It is a juxtaposed sentence since the comma is the element that structures the sentence and because none of the actions expressed with the verb form has a greater relevance than the rest. Another unique aspect of this sentence is the fact that the order it presents could be varied and the meaning would not change (for example, my friend studies, draws, cooks, does anything).

It should be noted that juxtaposed compound sentences also use the semicolon and colon as an element that unifies the two propositions of the sentence (for example: I know what I want: win the championship or the party starts at six in the afternoon ; at eleven o'clock the lights will go out).

Other kinds of compound sentences

In addition to juxtaposed sentences, there are the following classes of compound sentences: coordinated and subordinate

We say that sentences are coordinated when the propositions that are part of a sentence belong to the same syntactic level, since there is no proposition that depends on the other, since they are hierarchically equal (for example, the sentence "I have written to you and not you have answered "). Coordinated sentences can be of several kinds: copulative, adversative, disjunctive, distributive or explanatory.

We speak of subordinate clauses when one of the propositions that make it up depends on the other. This means that the subordinate proposition cannot act autonomously with respect to the main proposition of the sentence. Thus, if I say "I'll let you know when I get up", we are faced with a subordinate clause of the adverbial time type. Regarding the modalities of subordinate sentences, there are the following: nouns, adjectives and adverbials.

Photos: iStock - sturti / Wavebreakmedia