definition of layman

The word laic is used to account for that which is not ecclesiastical, lacking clerical orders.

That which is not linked to the church or religions and the believer who can develop his faith but is not obliged to comply with priestly obligations

Generally, the term is used to designate that member of the Catholic Church who is not a member of the clergyThat is, the lay person is a Christian who exercises his religious mission outside the clerical environment, is baptized, but has not received the sacrament of the priestly order and, for example, can carry out an existence in which he can develop actions and activities that priests are forbidden, such is the case of marrying, having children, that is, forming a family, and for example, not strictly respecting celibacy.

Now, with these freedoms of action, in any case, the laity can effectively develop an evangelizing action and actively participate in the religion that inspires their faith, such is the case of attending mass, participating in evangelization activities, among others. .

On the other hand, the term is often used when referring to any institution or organization that is totally independent from the religious organization.

Secular education: that teaching that is not related to any religion because it is precisely proposed that everyone without distinction of beliefs can access it

Thus, when the term is applied linked to teaching or education, it implies that teaching that dispenses with religious instruction. "With my sister we attended a secular school.”

Secular education is a class of education that is offered formally from the state or from a private sphere and that is characterized by not being supported by any religious doctrine.

The mission is to equalize the possibilities of access to education and knowledge without any distinction or discrimination in the matter of religious beliefs, that is, secular education dispenses with the religious faith held by its students, Jews, Catholics, Muslims. , evangelists, leaving such beliefs out and do not interfere with learning.

Education of this type is aimed at the entire population beyond the beliefs that exist in societies.

Now, this disregard of religion does not imply contradicting religious values ​​but rather decides to stay out of them and focuses specifically on teaching without the mediation of religious interpretations.

Secularism: a movement that emerged at the behest of the French Revolution and that proposes freedom of conscience and the separation of state-religion

It is inspired by the secularist current that guarantees freedom of conscience without the imposition of moral values ​​or norms that the various religions uphold.

For his part, the secularism, is the term that designates the ideology or political movement that promotes and defends the independent social organization of religious orders.

It should be noted that the concept of the secular state arose as a consequence of the separation between state institutions and those belonging to the church, and more precisely we must locate it in times of the French Revolution, in the year 1789, when the secular state faced the current confessional state, slipping strong criticism of the social and political organization system of those years.

Secular states began to proliferate in the world from this pivotal moment in history and are characterized by not officially holding any religious belief, for example Uruguay is a secular state.

For secularists, as the individuals who support and defend the secularism are called, the social order must depend on freedom of conscience and in no way on the imposition of values ​​or moral norms that are linked to a religion, although, despite this situation, secularists do not condemn the fact that religious values ​​exist.

For the Catholic Church, the concept of the laity gained relevance from the Vatican Council II, held in 1959, where the religious vocation of the laity was officially recognized from the sanctification of their obligations as a Christian. That is to say, the layperson, although not a clergyman, can exercise evangelization and carry out daily tasks according to the proposal of Jesus.

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