definition of climate

We understand by climate to be that natural phenomenon that occurs at the atmospheric level and that is characterized by being a conjunction of numerous elements such as temperature, humidity, pressure, rain, wind and others.

Natural phenomenon of the atmosphere that is the result of the interaction of elements such as rain, pressure, humidity, temperature, among others

This sum of atmospheric variables that affect a given geographical area is known as climate.

Meanwhile, the variables are considered an average, that is, taking a certain amount of time that can be fifty years back.

The climatic variations have their explanation by the presence of diverse factors such as: the distance with respect to the Ecuador, the proximity of the sea, the altitude, the rains, among others; All these factors interact with each other and determine the specific type of climate of a geographic region.

As a consequence of the importance that the climate presents in economic activity is that the human being took care to carefully study the existing climate in each part of the planet in order to take advantage of the natural conditions offered by each part of the world and establish businesses and businesses there. more conducive activities.

Although the climate is a natural element, it could also be said that its conception is human since all the elements and statistics that compose it are forms that the human being establishes to know with more or less accessible parameters to those atmospheric phenomena.

Differences between meteorology and climatology, the disciplines that study climate

The discipline that deals with the study of climate is called climatology, being the average values ​​its focus of study, for its part, meteorology, is the science that studies and predicts the climate according to the elements visible in numerous types of maps and planetary observing systems, but analyzing current values.

So climatology deals with the long term, trying to find regularities in the values, and the second in the short term, its mission is to make predictions.

Now, the variables that are analyzed are the same in both disciplines.

Types of climates

The earth has a great variety of climates that are generated from unique conjunctions of elements such as humidity, temperature, winds, ocean currents, soils, precipitation and others.

Thus, we can organize the climate into five main types: tropical, dry, temperate, continental, and polar.

The tropical climate is one that is found in the areas through which Ecuador passes, that is, northern South America, central Africa and Southeast Asia. The dry is found in desert areas such as much of North Africa, the western United States, the Middle East, Australia, and western South America. The polar is the one that is near the poles and that supposes the lowest temperatures of planet. Temperate and continental can be found in different parts of the planet and are, perhaps, the most suitable for human life because they do not present extreme temperatures such as polar cold or excessive heat.

The negative impact on the planet caused by climate change. Consequences and how to help

Climate is a geographical phenomenon that exists throughout the entire planet but that, according to the conditions of each place, varies and presents notable differences between zone and zone. Due to the high impact of man's action not only on nature but also on the atmosphere, the climate has changed profoundly in recent centuries, giving rise to what is known today as climate change and which involves severe alterations in everything the planet.

In general, in recent years there has been an increase in temperature as a result of the greenhouse effect that retains energy from the sun.

If we do not begin to take care of the planet, treating it with more respect and care, the consequences will be dire for the continuity of life on it.

Adverse effects include: the potential for solid state freshwater reservoirs, such as the poles, to melt; the rise in sea level that can lead to the flooding of coastal cities; increased rainfall and therefore floods; extinction of species and ecosystems, among the most serious.

Beyond the policies that a government can implement to improve the quality of life on the planet, each of us can collaborate with small daily actions that together will be enormous, for example, avoiding the indiscriminate use of cars and opting for the use of transport. public or bicycle, the true green transport.

In this way we will be contributing to the reduction of carbon dioxide production.

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