The concept of rural population is applied to those types of population located in non-urbanized areas that are dedicated to primary production, whether of agricultural products or livestock products. Rural populations were both in Antiquity and in the Middle Ages the most important centers of population concentration, power and importance that were losing from the growth of cities and urban centers from the 15th century to the present.
Rural populations are always more directly linked to a lifestyle clearly related to nature, and also to structures of thought or social organization that many consider more primitive but that we could designate instead as more structured and traditional.
Rural populations are usually small conglomerates of populations whose main economic activity is the production of both agricultural and livestock raw materials. Rural populations tend to have a more natural lifestyle and much further away from the elements that characterize modern life such as technology, the media, etc. In many cases, rural populations also demonstrate much more traditional structures of thought, largely linked to religion, superstition, the importance of the family, the typical folklore of each area, etc.
In general, due to the lifestyle they lead, rural populations tend to show a better quality of life with regard to phenomena such as stress, but they may have greater exposure to diseases whose treatment in the city is controlled. In general, all countries have more rural regions where urbanization has not yet reached. However, this may vary in proportion as some countries still show a high number of rural towns and communities and few highly urban centers.