definition of afforestation

Tree planting procedure to balance logging for economic purposes

The term Afforestation is designated as that activity that deals with studying and managing the practice of plantations, especially forests, as they are, renewable natural resources.

The procedure faced by afforestation of planting trees extensively has the mission of balancing the massive and indiscriminate felling of trees that has been done for a long time. So, this process assists in caring for the natural environment and prevents human actions, many times dangerous for them, from damaging plant and animal species.

Process that takes years

Now, this process is not something simple or fast, that is, an area is not afforested today and tomorrow the expected results will be obtained, but rather the opposite happens, it may take years and years to achieve the proposed task, for The case is that there must be a reasonable use of them by the human being, always, without exceptions.

Afforestation is carried out in those cases in which trees are a primary source of raw materials for the development of certain industries, such is the case of wood and paper. The need to obtain these raw materials constantly, and of course in abundance, will demand the implementation of this procedure because otherwise the absence of trees will be a fact in the short or long term and unfortunately this situation will no longer be so simple to remedy. Afforestation, then, offers us to anticipate the very serious problem of living in a world without trees, as important as we have already pointed out for the balance of the environment and for the development of economic activities.

So, Forestry, in addition to studying those materials necessary that guarantee commercial and industrial production, such as paper and wood, should pay a lot of attention and emphasize the conservation of the ecological characteristics of the environment in question, as well as the aesthetic and recreational environmental value that most of these places represent for all humanity.

Cultivation and regeneration

One of the most traditional forestry activities turns out to be the cultivation, regeneration and felling of those trees from which wood is extracted, mainly, destined, mainly, for the construction of houses, furniture, among others.

Meanwhile, another leg of the forestry activity should deal with other issues, also as relevant as the one mentioned in the previous paragraph and which are: development of new tree species, in-depth study of existing species, health and ecological research.


The practice of afforestation has been around the world for a long time, however, we must say that it has been in recent times that it has begun to be taken more into account as a result of the constant awareness campaign carried out by many non-governmental organizations. and environmentalists who have the goal of protecting the nature of our planet.

The certainly indiscriminate use that has been made of trees for so long to produce wood and paper with them, and the consequent absence of afforestation, to balance this fact, generated that today there is a voice of alert on the part of the organizations. It was mistakenly believed that the trees were too many and would never be missing but the hand of man swept away and this belief ended up falling apart and ran into reality.

Relationship with Forestry

On the other hand, Afforestation is an activity that is in close harmony with forestry, a discipline that deals with the study of the cultivation of forests or mountains, as well as the precise task of carrying out such a question.

Basically, Forestry, is in charge of develop those techniques that turn out to be the most convenient to apply in the forest masses with the aim of achieving from them a production of goods and services that can meet the needs and demands of a society , quite complex in this sense, being the continuity through time and the multiple use that the production will have, the two basic principles that this practice must guarantee.

Too, The term afforestation is used to refer to those artificial forests from which wood is extracted.