definition of subordination

The subordination refers dependence and subjection to someone, that is, it is the subjection to command, authority, dominion, or order imposed by an individual.

Submission to the authority of a superior under threat of punishment

Then, subordination will always imply a situation of domination that may be symbolic or formal.

Meanwhile, the person who submits is usually referred to as submissive, subordinate, or submissive.

In subordination there is always an acceptance of it because the hierarchy is respected, but also out of fear, because it is known that if it is not accepted, negative consequences can be suffered, for example being fired from a job.

There are individuals who take advantage of their position of authority or their strength to subdue others, and go that such a situation is despicable and reprehensible from every point of view.

In families, many parents, with an authoritarian profile, end up being the “bosses” of their children, whom they have practically subjected to their designs and desires, without letting them decide what to do, that is, they choose which career to study, with who to frequent, at what time to go out, among other issues.

Voluntary acceptance or under duress

Generally, the aforementioned subordination is achieved in a natural way, that is, the subordinate abides by the command because he is aware and accepts the hierarchical relationship However, it is also possible that in the event of the eventual refusal to accept the aforementioned hierarchy, force can be applied in order to effectively achieve subordination. "The one who directs the group at the moment is Juan, therefore, everyone must subordinate his figure.”

This situation occurs a lot at the behest of the political field where dictatorial governments, or democratic governments with an authoritarian bias, impose their authority to how they place and those who dare not accept it, rebel or demonstrate will receive a punishment, a percussion, to subdue them. , and if it is not achieved, many times they can even be imprisoned and what is even worse, assassinated.

Many dictatorships have used the tools and police of the state to persecute their opponents who did not accept their domination or were not subordinate to their wishes.

Unfortunately, these contexts always ended with many civilian deaths and critical junctures both politically, socially and economically.

Now, we must also talk about the other side of the coin, which were those peoples or communities that were able to rebel against the authority that subjected them and finally liberate themselves to live in a more free and democratic way.

An emblematic example of this is the French Revolution of 1789, in which the French people, tired of the oppression of the monarchy that stood out in excess, united and fought against that status quo and managed to free themselves and establish a democratic government with the participation of the people. , and the fall of course of the monarchy.

Meanwhile, in the military field it is quite frequent that the term subordination is used to account for the relationship established between an individual who holds a higher rank and another who has a lower rank. "The colonel spoke energetically to his subordinates; meanwhile, that person who depends on another will be called subordinate.

Use in grammar to express the link between sentences

And on the other hand, to Instances of Grammar, subordination is the grammatical dependency relationship that exists between two or more sentences, or between two items that have a different grammatical category.

It should be noted that the subordination relationship is formed through links, although they can be omitted from the juxtaposition, so the following sentences are valid. "Mauro didn't come to my birthday because he was sick. Mauro did not come to my birthday. I was sick.”

The syntactic subordination, on the other hand, it supposes that between two propositions, the main proposition will have a higher hierarchy with respect to the subordinate proposition, then, they are not interchangeable without thereby altering the meaning of the sentence. My mom couldn't come because she was traveling.

Subordination classes

There are three types of grammatical subordination: adverbial subordination (presents temporal, local, modal and comparative references), substantive subordination (fulfills various syntactic functions) and adjective subordination (It is specific or explanatory).