It is known as Industrial Revolution to that historical period that lasted from the second half of the eighteenth century to the beginning of the nineteenth and in which, pre-eminently in Europe, an uncontrollable and innumerable amount of technological, cultural and socioeconomic transformations took place, which since the Neolithic stage did not occur..
Although of course, the economic aspect was the one that was most affected by the aforementioned revolution and in some way, also, with which more than anything it is related, because if the French Revolution was decisive for a profound transformation and rethinking of the political ideas that prevailed until its concretion, the Industrial Revolution, undoubtedly did the same in economic matter. The economy that until then was based strictly on manual labor, from then on was replaced and dominated by manufacturing and industry.. The introduction of mechanization in the textile industries, the development of iron, the phenomenal expansion of trade thanks to the new transport options (rail) are some of the signs and representatives of this revolution.
Among the machines that aided in the construction and acceleration of this process were the steam engine on one side and spinning Jenny on the other, which was a very powerful machine for the development of the textile industry.
The causes that most agree to point out as causes of the Industrial Revolution are: the maximization of border controls that prevented the spread of diseases, the agricultural revolution, the fall of employment in this sector that contributed to these people turning to work in the new industries that were emerging little by little, important migratory movements from the countryside to the big cities, development of international trade, capital accumulation and creation of competitive financial markets, among others.
But of course and like any determining historical process, the Industrial Revolution brought with it a very important social impact that resulted in the following: birth of the urban proletariat, that is, the former agricultural worker began to see the best opportunities offered by jobs in industrial industries. the big cities and then he moved to these conforming this new social class.
And on the other hand, although with a little more luck for their pockets, big businessmen and big companies saw both their economic and social power strengthened and they would become the new dominant social class and faithful representative of the capitalist economic system that it supposed private ownership of the means of production, payment for labor, and price regulation according to supply and demand.