An obligation is what one is obliged to do or that has to be done, such as the payment of taxes and services in the place where we live, as an obligation It can also be given by an x circumstance that forces us to do or not do this or that thing. In this second case we can put as an example, before the imminence of an exam to pass the grade or the year at school, its approval will be the obligation to fulfill.
In addition, The term obligation is often used to designate the debt owed to someone who at a certain moment did us a favor that helped us.
Every area in which beings We move human will imply at some point the fulfillment or observance of an obligation. Among the most prominent and well-known are moral obligations and legal obligations.
A moral obligation is one that originates in the unconscious of each person, that is, reason exerts strong pressure on the will in relation or reference to a certain value. When an individual captures a value, the intelligence immediately intervenes so that reason shows it to the will and proposes to achieve it. But of course, being originated in the privacy of each person, the moral obligation will be subject to the personal experiences and experiences of the subject who will embody it, of course. Even with free will on alert and in operation, man will always do this exercise when he detects a value, since free will and moral obligation coexist without any problems.
And on the other hand, a Legal obligation, in law, is that legal bond through which two parties, a creditor and the other debtor, are linked, and the debtor must, in a timely manner and as stipulated, comply with the consideration of which the obligation.
When a legal obligation is not observed and fulfilled in time and form, then, the debtor party must respond legally and submit to a trial because it did not comply with its previously stipulated commitment through a document, as these issues are generally settled.
Legal obligations, according to students of history, date from time immemorial, since apparently primitive peoples made a person who had caused damage or injury to another with whom he was linked a certain price pay a certain price.
Then, as we said, the legal obligation consists of three elements, none of which can be missing: subjects, liabilities (creditor) and assets (debtor), object (give, do or execute something) and cause (end that the parties pursue and for the which the obligation originated).
These types of obligations will be extinguished once the agreed payment has been made, the debt forgiven, offset or due to confusion, among others.