definition of social anthropology

Social anthropology is a fundamental discipline of human knowledge. This science began to develop in a more concrete way from the nineteenth century. In that first stage, the object of study proper to social anthropology was pre-industrial society. However, with social evolution, this science has also been expanding its field of study.

Professionals working in the field of social anthropology are experts in deepening the cultural knowledge of a people

For example, the study of a social anthropologist can address specific questions such as the faith of a people (that is, religious ideas), dominant artistic currents at the time, what is the dominant theory of knowledge, forms of social relationship, values ​​and beliefs that structure the social ethics, social conventions and traditions of the peoples on specific dates. Therefore, like other human disciplines, social anthropology is a treasure that allows the human being to better know himself as part of the society to which he belongs.

In addition, social anthropology also shows the cultural richness that exists in the world from the differences present in the customs of different peoples. In other words, culture as food for the spirit is an essential good of evolution since it is a diverse good. One of the research methods carried out by social anthropologists is direct observation which is key to gathering objective data.

Another factor such as, for example, the language of a region is vital to be able to do social anthropology of that place.

Man is a cultural being

The meaning of social anthropology also starts from the premise of the human being as a cultural being by its own nature. That is, intelligence, reason, sensitivity and will are essential capacities to understand the human lifestyle.

On the other hand, while a human being can be understood in an individual way, social anthropology places the framework of observation on the group as an entity. That is, in society as a structure with a life of its own that is nourished by rites, customs, norms and facts. It is impossible to understand the human being, as a manifestation of his own nature.

Photos: Fotolia - Antique / Bo Secher

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