School dropout (also called school dropout) consists of the fact that a percentage of children and young people who go to school drop out. They do so in a period when teaching is still compulsory and they should remain in the classroom.
It is a general problem, because it does not occur simply in poor and undeveloped countries, where illiteracy, child exploitation and poverty cause this phenomenon. School dropout also occurs in advanced countries. It can be said that in underdeveloped countries it is logical that this problem exists, since social and economic conditions cause many children to be forced to leave school, even if they do not want to. The peculiar element of school dropout occurs in economically prosperous nations. In them, the dropout rates from the classrooms are worrying and their explanation is more complex.
Education specialists analyze the problem and consider that the reasons are diverse. One of them is school failure, children who for some reason do not adapt to official education and give it up. In this case, there are some related circumstances: parental responsibility, failures in the educational system, etc. Another reason is the economic crisis that advanced nations also suffer. In response to the crisis situation, some young people opt for precarious jobs to help the family finances. Predictably, they would not drop out of school if there was financial stability. An even more unusual and almost inexplicable reason is lack of motivation. There are cases in which some young people feel apathy, they do not want to do anything. Recently the term ni ni, boys who neither study nor work, has been coined.
Each country has its peculiarities with regard to school dropout. There are all kinds of factors that explain it: demographic, cultural, geographic or the family model. The geographical characteristics are decisive, since a school located in a population center with difficult access is the cause that explains the problem.
To improve this very negative reality, some governments are taking corrective measures: awareness campaigns, incorporation of new technologies in classrooms or social assistance to families.
School dropout is not simply an educational problem with a social component. It is possible to analyze it from economic parameters. In fact, if a percentage of schoolchildren do not go to school, their later work integration will be very conflictive. Consequently, the job market may not be able to give them a chance, a job. As a result, a nation may find itself lacking in skilled labor, that is, a problem in the economy.