Information is a set of meaningful data that structures the thinking of living beings, especially human beings.
In the different sciences and disciplines of academic study, information is called the set of content elements that give meaning to things, objects and entities in the world through codes and models. Information is vital for all activities of both human and other living beings. Animals interpret information from nature and their environment to make decisions, much like plants. The human being, however, has the ability to generate codes, symbols and languages that enrich information, modify it, reproduce it and constantly recreate it, giving it new meanings.
For computing, for example, information is the set of organized and processed data that constitute messages, instructions, operations, functions and any type of activity that takes place in relation to a computer. The processor of the same requires information to fulfill an order received, and all computational tasks involve the exchange of informational data from one place to another. This not only occurs electronically inside the computer, but it is also natural to the actions that any user executes with a computer.
Among them, writing a text document, editing an image, playing or recording a video, operating a calculator are all operations that involve input and output of information. Mainly, those activities linked to the Web have to do with the search for information: browsing Internet sites, consulting encyclopedias, exchanging messages with friends and acquaintances, creating a blog, and so on.
Currently, it is considered that we live in the information age and that today's societies find their main foundation in the exchange, generation and recreation of all types of data and content at a global level.