A legal act is called the human, voluntary and conscious act that aims to establish legal relationships between people, such as, among others, creating, modifying and extinguishing rights. TO Through this act there will be, either in things or in the outside world, a modification, Because this is what the corresponding legal system provides, generating what is known as legal consequences, then, basically, a legal act will be the manifestation of the will with the clear objective of generating legal consequences.
At the request of the formation of a legal act, it will be precise and almost a condition without equanom the observation of some solemnities or formalities such as the deed of the act in question, the presence of witnesses, the presence of a notary or notary public or with the contest of a judge of the place in which it is carried out.
Legal acts can be classified in various ways, among others are the following ...
Formal, its effectiveness will depend on the formalities established by law and, on the contrary, the not formalThey do not depend on any solemnity. On the other hand, positive acts, are those in which the birth, extinction or modification depend yes or yes on the performance of the act, for example the signing of a promissory note, as long as, the negatives, will suppose an omission or an abstention. Or the classification in unilateral and bilateral, unilateral when they require the will of a single party that can be embodied in a single person, for example in wills and failing that, bilaterals, require the participation and consent of two wills, for example contracts.
Then we meet the patrimonial and family. In the case of the former, they are strictly economic acts and the latter refer to family rights and duties.
And finally expensive and free. The first will involve reciprocal obligations and in the case of free ones, the obligation falls on only one of the parties.