Geopolitics is a science that deals with the study of the spatial causality of political events and their next or future effects. It draws especially from other major disciplines such as history, descriptive geography and political geography.
Discipline that studies and addresses the political situation of a place and associates it with the geography that is involved
It is a relatively novel concept and subject, we will address it later when we review its close origins in time.
The central axis of this discipline is the exhaustive analysis of conjunctural political situations that is carried out at the same time with the study of the geographical panorama that is involved, with the international plane being the most relevant starting point, especially due to the vicissitudes imposed by war conflicts. around the world and that to date continue to be relevant in some parts of our planet, unfortunately.
The Syrian case, without going any further, is one of the most important and sad scourges that geopolitics must face today, not only because of the implications that any war has on the destruction of institutions and social fabric, but also because the problem in Syria is growing. scattering around the world, with thousands of Syrians trying to get out of their burning country at any cost, even at the cost of their own lives, but they want to get out of the horror.
The advantage of dominating a territory
On the other hand, geopolitics proposes that the fact of controlling a given territorial area can influence the power that the state has over the rest. We can easily see this with regard to the control of a route, whoever has that domain will undoubtedly obtain economic benefits over those who do not have it.
The same we can transfer it to a warlike conflict and thus whoever has the power of a privileged area will have an absolute advantage over the rival.
Origins of the concept
The Swedish Geographer Rudolf Kjellén is considered the father and founder of it, since in the year 1900, in his work Introduction to Swedish Geography , would expose the fundamental principles of the same, meanwhile, in the year 1916, with the publication of another of his outstanding works: The State as a Living Organism, I would use the term geopolitics for the first time to finally install it from there.
In the Germany in the early 20th century, geopolitics certainly occupied a prominent place and then, with Nazism installed in the nation, it would reach its maximum diffusion. Immediately after, in countries like Japan, Russia and China, geopolitics would also attain considerable importance, especially among 1930 and 1940. Many political leaders of these times and of the aforementioned countries considered geopolitics as a fundamental tool and the way forward to achieve global power.
Unfortunately, the phenomenal propaganda use that was given to geopolitics in Germany, made that later, when the nation fell defeated, it was despised and it would soon fall into the saddest oblivion, especially in the academic field, in charge of teaching it in order to continue spreading it.
In any case, it would not be its end at all, but quite the opposite, because in the seventies of the last century it would regain interest and little by little it would begin to grow again as a consequence of the different international tensions that would increase at that time.
Currently there is a strong unthinkable alliance between the science at hand and international companies, since geopolitics promotes the development of strategies for economic expansion and organizational growth that turn out to be very favorable and useful, especially for those companies that produce products and services that are marketed in different territories, under a significant competitive force.
And in all this, the fantastic development that technology has reached in various orders, and this of course could not be ignored, has had an impressive value, since the positions on the ground, in the sensitive area, were becoming obsolete in the face of relevance. that they began to have the possibility of dominating the airspaces.
It was found that air power is imposed and wins mostly over the traditional land and sea, which were classically in the past had the authority in this regard.